Wednesday, September 23, 2020
Free Medical Journals He ultimately pleaded guilty to promoting misbranded drugs, among other costs, and was sentenced to probation and neighborhood service. All however nine of the listings we discovered on Amazon.com claimed that the medication were for research or had been lab chemicals or otherwise were not for human consumption. The relaxation did not have these specific disclaimers but listed the drugs under Amazonâs âIndustrial and Scientificâ category. Amazon.com has a large storefront for industrial and scientific products, from microscopes to dental tools, but few if any evaluations on the peptide listings say anything about lab research. Rendon did not reply to follow-up questions about whether he knew the drugs weren't FDA approved and the legal issues of acquiring them. Strength Products, one of many sellers The Markup identified in May, continued to operate on Amazon.com for weeks, hawking the identical drugs in other posts. When The Markup again contacted Amazon about Strength Products in June, the storefront was shuttered. Among the banned objects we discovered on Amazon.com had been two capsule presses, considered one of which was dubiously labeled a candymaker. A pharmaceutical grade capsule press that had been sold on Amazon.com a number of years earlier than, and before the company banned them, had been used to press fentanyl-laced counterfeit prescription opioids, in accordance with federal regulation enforcement. Louis, the former prosecutor, stated customers trying to the internet to get the drugs a âlittle bit cheaperâ are placing themselves in danger for dangerous drug interactions, unintended unwanted side effects, and the consequences of poor manufacturing. In one other indictment, filed in the United States Court for The District of Maryland, a Florida man who paid bodybuilders for endorsements and frequented their conventions was nabbed after promoting peptides to a authorities agent. A raid of his house revealed $2 million of misbranded medication, and in 2015, he too pleaded guilty and received six months of home confinement. He as soon as prosecuted a case involving a unique drug bought online that contained gypsum, a mineral generally used in chalk and drywall. âWe require all merchandise provided in our store to comply with applicable legal guidelines and rules and developed trade-leading instruments to prevent unsafe or non-compliant products from being listed in our shops,â McCarthy said. She did not clarify why some peptide listings had been reside and selling to clients for years. According to critics, this might permit drug corporations to fake study results or cover dangerous unwanted side effects to get their drug approved or increase sales. Dr. Cecile Rose Vibat is Senior Director, Clinical Affairs and is responsible for managing KIYATECâs medical growth programs. She has an intensive background in translational science, in addition to main analysis and growth groups in molecular diagnostics with emphasis in molecular biology, useful genomics and biochemistry. Cecile Rose has authored numerous peer-reviewed publications in addition to the submission of patent functions. Cecile Rose is a graduate of the University of California, Berkeley, where she acquired her Bachelors in Biochemistry. Will the monetary influence of those will increase in demand be vital? With the exception of the diagnostics companies promoting coronavirus checks, the uptick in device demand will be modest in comparison against the broadly diversified product portfolios of the OEM suppliers. According to critics and client watchdogs, Big Pharmaâs influence over medical trials might permit drug companies to concentrate on the advantages of a drug and downplay the dangers for the sake of revenue. This biased information could alsoinfluence doctorsto prescribe a drug with out knowing all of the dangers. Food and Drug Administration approves a prescription drug, it must first undergo a series of scientific trials. Data obtained from these trials ought to guarantee the security and effectiveness of medication before they make it into the palms of patients. Data from medical trials are essential in approving new medicines and discovering new therapies. She obtained her Ph.D. in Biochemistry from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and was a postdoctoral fellow on the University of California, Davis. We are continually increasing the scientific boundaries of ex vivo 3D cell tradition capability. Our evidence base spans most strong tumor sorts and cancer drug classes, offering unparalleled predictive utility in the clinic and within the drug growth laboratory. We leverage our proprietary ex vivo 3D cell culture expertise platforms to precisely model and predict response to accredited and investigational cancer medicine targeting a spectrum of strong tumors. Apple is constructing its bench with teams of physicians and engineers creating software program and hardware to address the healthcare market. The Markup discovered Amazonâs personal buyer instruments had been used to supply people what they needed to start out dosing. Amazonâs really helpful objects included these needed to inject the drug, corresponding to bacteriostatic water and syringes, and complementary or competing choices for peptides. In critiques and product question features, clients exchanged recommendations on the way to use the drugs. Recently, a federal court and California courtroom have disagreed, and this summer time Amazon signaled it could be amenable to legislation that might explicitly make on-line marketplaces answerable for unsafe productsâ"so long as any guidelines additionally apply to its opponents. A few companies will garner greater gross sales in a number of product strains, lots of which are low-margin commodity products. Opinion essay on know-how you Critical on essay have you ever been the place analysis are going where, independence day essay hindi to english essay on science in urdu. Write an essay about my dream vacation vacation spot essay in my mom in marathi write a short essay on communal politics in india. Transition phrases in persuasive essays descriptive essay on nature examples of mla essay format, extended essay comparing two booksSchool uniform persuasive essay instance grading rubric for essays in faculty. These practices might skew trial results in favor of drug companies and put patients at risk. It can cost billions to develop a new drug, anddrug manufacturerswant a return on their funding. For instance, research indicated that value estimates of bringing a brand new drug to the market can begin at approximately $a hundred and sixty million and find yourself as excessive as $2 billion.
Tuesday, September 22, 2020
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Monday, September 21, 2020
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Friday, September 18, 2020
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Thursday, September 17, 2020
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Sunday, August 23, 2020
A significant issue is the distinction among youth and expert members of game. The significant objectives of pro athletics are straightforwardly connected to their status in media outlets. The objectives of pro athletics, just expressed, are to engage and at last to bring in cash. Money related achievement is of essential significance and relies intensely upon an item direction, to be specific winning. In the pro game world, players are items to be purchased, sold and exchanged. Their worth depends on the amount they add to winning and benefit making. Proficient competitors are regularly celebrated by the media to make a picture planned to create enthusiasm for the group and to draw paying clients. The expert coach?s work is to win. A success no matter what theory is required for progression. Youth sports are played to build up a kid and not to misuse the youngster for cash. The most significant item isn't what number of wins or dollars, yet rather, the nature of the experience for the kid. In this sense, sport investment is an instructive procedure whereby kids can figure out how to adapt to real factors they will confront further down the road. Albeit winning is looked for after, it is in no way, shape or form the essential objective. The benefit is estimated not in the terms of dollars and pennies, yet as far as the aptitudes and individual qualities that are obtained. Fun, a term we use regularly.
Friday, August 21, 2020
Question: Talk about theImpairment Loss For Cash Generating Units for Treatment. Answer: Debilitation Loss For Cash Generating Units Excluding Goodwill Which means of Impairment and treatment according to the normal speech the disability is characterized as the term to signify the decrease in the estimation of a benefit. It implies at whatever point the estimation of a benefit is diminished from its book esteem then it might be called as the Impairment of an advantage. According to the International Accounting Standard number thirty six on the Impairment of advantage which was re given in the long stretch of March 2,000 and four, the impedance is characterized as the sum by which the measure of the conveying estimation of the benefit is in abundance of the recoverable measure of that advantage. The conveying estimation of a benefit is characterized as the incentive at which the advantage is recorded to be determined sheet of the organization and is otherwise called the book estimation of an advantage at the specific purpose of time. Conveying sum is distinguished by deducting the aggregated devaluation and the debilitation misfortun e from the book estimation of a benefit (AASB 136, 2011). Debilitation misfortune is treated as use. On one hand it is charged to the Statement for Profit and Loss and then again it is deducted from the advantage an incentive as appeared to be decided Sheet. Which means of Recoverable Amount according to the basic speech, recoverable sum is the sum which can be recuperated from the advantage in the wake of selling in the market. As per the arrangements of the International Accounting Standard number thirty six, recoverable sum is the sum proportionate to the higher of the accompanying: Net Selling Price and Incentive being used Net Selling cost is characterized as the distinction of the reasonable estimation of a benefit and the expense brought about to discard the advantage. Reasonable estimation of benefit is the sum which the advantage whenever sold in the market would have the option to bring. As far as the International Financial Reporting Standard number 13, the reasonable worth is sum which will be gotten for selling the advantage or the sum which will be paid to set off the related obligation in the exchanges which typically happens during the customary course of business at the specific purpose of time. Cost of removal is the sum is the sum which is caused to sell or discard the benefit. Incentive being used is characterized as the current estimation of the incomes which will be relied upon to be created from the benefit or the money producing units later on. Present worth is determined at the rate characterized according to the inward pace of return of the organization or the expense of capital. The above will be determined for every individual resource independently and on the off chance that the recoverable sum isn't recognizable for the individual resource then it will be determined utilizing the idea of money creating units. Which means of Cash Generating Unit and its Identification-Cash producing unit is characterized as the little gathering of the benefit which can be recognized as relating to a similar class of advantages. The incomes created by one money producing unit will be absolutely free of the incomes got from other gathering of benefits or class of advantages. The idea of incorporation of money producing unit in this standard has been underlined in light of the way that there are sure resources which can't create the incomes all alone rather they require the assistance of different advantages for produce the incomes. Accordingly, the people resources are assembled into the unit which further aides in recognizing the incomes and in this manner has been characterized as the money Generating Units. Now and then likewise they are clubbed into one money producing unit whenever there are chances that the benefit can't be arranged off independently (IAS 36, 2014) . For example, the schools of the Australian University have their own bottles and the cafeterias where they give the food and different eatables to the understudies in the school hours. It is the approach of the college that the agreement to work and run the bottle of all universities will be allotted to one temporary worker. Out of the twelve containers, seven flasks are gainful and five bottles are non beneficial and in this manner they are clubbed as one money creating unit. Figuring of Impairment Loss for Cash Generating Units barring Goodwill: In the event that altruism of the organization can't be allotted to money creating units based on sensibility then the impedance test will be followed and there emerges the four circumstances: Altruism and corporate resources of the organization are not allocable Just altruism will be allocable Just Corporate Assets will be allocable Just some corporate resources will be allocable. The debilitation misfortune in the main circumstance will be distinguished by experiencing the accompanying advances: Most importantly the money producing unit will be distinguished to which the specific resources is connected Indentifying and deciding the future incomes and decide the incentive being used Distinguishing the recoverable sum for each money producing unit Discovering the recoverable sum as the higher of the incentive as decided in sync (b) and step (c). Conveying sum will be referenced and it will be just of the money producing units as the altruism is nit allocable Deciding the impedance misfortune for the money creating unit just as the contrast between the worth characterized in sync (d) and step (e) Decide the updated conveying sum by deducting the disability misfortune as characterized in sync (f) from the incentive as characterized in sync (e) Recognize the bigger money producing unit with their conveying add up to which the altruism can be assigned decently and sensibly. Computing the recoverable measure of the bigger money producing unit Compute the conveying measure of the bigger money producing unit and ascertain the weakness misfortune by deducting the conveying sum from the recoverable sum as decided in sync (I). The measure of disability misfortune will initially be dispense to the generosity and afterward to the corporate and different resources. For Example ABC Company gained XYZ Company at 600 million dollar. The organization has two money producing X and Y having the reasonable estimation of 240 million dollar and 160 million dollar. Generosity is perceived at 120 million dollar. Recoverable measure of X and Y has been evaluated at 200 and 140 million dollar individually. Figure the debilitation misfortune if the conveying measure of X and Y are 260 and 180 million dollar separately. Answer Specifics X Y Complete (Sum in Million Dollar) (Sum in Million Dollar) Net Fair Value 240 160 400 Master Rate (%) 60 40 Net Carrying Amount 260 180 440 Recoverable Amount 200 140 340 Disability Loss 60 40 100 References AASB 136, (2011), Impairment of Assets, accessible on https://www.aasb.gov.au/administrator/document/content105/c9/AASB136_07-04_COMPjun09_01-10.pdf got to on 25-05-2017. IAS 36, (2014), Impairment of Assets accessible on https://www.iasplus.com/en/guidelines/ias/ias36 got to on 25-05-2017.
Wednesday, July 8, 2020
Jane Austens Perfect Heroine:The Use of Reserve in PersuasionHer character was now fixed on his mind as perfection itself.Jane Austen, PersuasionAnne Elliot is often described as Jane Austens most mature and perfect heroine; and so she is. One is disposed to share Captain Wentworths sentiments when he pronounces Annes character to be perfection itself, maintaining the loveliest medium of fortitude and gentleness (226). Jane Austens use of reserve in her 1818 novel Persuasion is a device to set her heroine off against the people and society around her, and, most of all, to give Anne an air of perfection. By giving her a reserved character, Anne becomes the antipode of a society with decaying values. Austen speaks out against the attitude of the aristocracy, the inclination of a willful disposition, and a decreasing sense of decorum.Sir Walter Elliot is the embodiment of the declining aristocracy in Regency England, which Anne escapes by marrying someone from the rising professional cl ass. According to Paul Cantor the aristocracy no longer bases its claim to rule on its intrinsic merit or superiority in virtue, [but n]ow the aristocracys pre-eminence rests solely on its birth, which in practice means on pure snobbery. Sir Walter is the epitome of such snobbery; he ignores the responsibilities he has as landed gentry, and denies the old aristocratic values. However, the traditional aristocratic standards are sustained by the characters from the rising middle class, and they take over the role of the landed gentry in society and in the navy. During the Napoleonic wars the aristocracy deserted its responsibility as military leader and left it to the middle class to fight their battles. The result is a power shift which places political power and wealth in the hands of the middle class and leaves the aristocracy to perish. Anne Elliot is aware of all this and rather wishes to be associated with the professional class, than with the old aristocracy into which she was born.Anne, with an elegance of mind and sweetness of character, which must have placed her high with any people of real understanding, was nobody with either father or sister: her word had no weight; her convenience was always to give way;-she was only Anne (7). In the opening chapters of Austens novel we quickly learn that, despite her excellent character, Anne is nobody to her kin. She is put in the background, and she seems fairly comfortable being there. But even though Anne is nothing or nobody to her relatives, we learn also that her family consists merely of people of no real understanding. They are proud, snobbish and only interested in outward appearances. Anne is marginalized by her own family members and even she herself believes that [t]o be claimed as a good, though in an improper style, is at least better than being rejected as no good at all (32). Besides, her significance is here not only diminished by Anne and her family, but Austen reinforces this claim by not lett ing Anne speak for herself until the third chapter of the novel. Before that, we only get acquainted with her through the eyes and words of her family, Lady Russell and the narrator. Slowly but surely Anne moves to the center of the stage, as she quietly shares her observations and judgments about the people around her with the reader. In the introduction to Persuasion, Gillian Beer states that Anne, like the reader, like her author, is an unobtrusive participant in [the Bath] scenes, her psychic drama almost entirely invisible to any other person. She can fit in and be useful anywhere, hence her obscurity (xxi). In other words, Annes reserve provides her with the opportunity to criticize inconspicuously the behavior of her family, while her personality keeps growing even more admirable. As we gain more insight into Annes character, her aristocratic family members keep becoming more inferior to her. E.B. Moon accurately points out that the evaluation of the heroinebecomes a test of character for others, a test which her relatives fail miserably. Austen uses this contrast between Anne and the other Elliots to criticize the narcissistic and conceited attitude of the aristocracy, but most of all to emphasize Anne Elliots perfection.By comparing Annes reserved and collected disposition to Louisas unrestrained personality, Austen, once more, portrays Annes superiority of character. When talking to his sister, Captain Wentworth describes the woman he would like to marry. With a persuadable Anne Elliot in the back of his mind, he declares his ideal woman should possess a strong mind, with sweetness of manner (58). Consequently, he praises Louisa for her character of decision and firmness and tells her that if she values Henriettas conduct of happiness she should infuse as much of [her] own spirit into her, as [she] can (81). In Wentworths opinion, firmness equals happiness: It is the worst evil of too yielding and indecisive a character, that no influence over it can be depended on.-You are never sure of a good impression being durable. Every body may sway it; let those who would be happy be firm (81). Yet, Louisas firmness is merely willful behavior and eventually it turns out to be her weakness and downfall. After Louisas accident on the Cobb at Lyme, Anne wonders whether it ever occurred to [Captain Wentworth] now, to question the justness of his own previous opinion as to the universal felicity and advantage of firmness of character; and whether it might not strike him, that, like all other qualities of the mind, it should have its proportions and limits. She thought it could scarcely escape him to feel, that a persuadable temper [like hers] might sometimes be as much in favor of happiness, as a very resolute character. (108)Indeed, this incident has taught Captain Wentworth to distinguish between the steadiness of principle and the obstinacy of self-will, between darings of heedlessness and the resolution of a collected mind and only now d oes he understand the perfect excellence of the mind with which Louisas could so ill bear a comparison (227). Annes reserve has not made her a fickle character, but she is a level-headed young woman who knows and illustrates the value of reticence. Wentworth, finally, recognizes this quality of character in Anne, that too good, too excellent creature, and he realizes she is the woman he has been looking for all along (223).Annes perfect sense of decorum restrains her from sharing her true feelings directly with Captain Wentworth. In her work, Austen puts great emphasis on the constraint of feeling and emotion. This may be, some critics claim, because Austens spinsterhood deprived her of the chance to experience such a situation herself, and she therefore avoids emotionally charged scenes in her novels. But, whether or not that is the reason, Austen did live in a society that, like her, was dedicated to decorum; a society that imposed reserve on its women. In her account of strategie s of reticence in Jane Austens work, Janis P. Stout explains that Austen uses reserve as a touchstone of positive valuation, and she continues by pointing out a striking turn towards values of openness and demonstrativeness, even spontaneity, on all sorts of social interaction in Persuasion, but [e]ven so, the two characters who are the hallmark of both merit and emotional honesty in a world of dissolving values speak, as they act, with a considerable, and a considered, reserve (33-4). Once again, Annes disposition is made to look superior in contrast to that of the other characters in the novel (with the exception of Wentworth). During her silent ponderings, Anne reflects on her love for Captain Wentworth, but she knows she will never be able to express these feelings towards him. Then, her confident conversation with Captain Harville, which is overheard by Wentworth, provides her with an unexpected opportunity. Through her carefully chosen words, without violating the decorum, she manages to convey her emotions to Wentworth: All the privilege I claim for my own sex (it is not a very enviable one, you need not covet it) is that of loving the longest, when existence or when hope is gone (221). It is in that same conversation that Anne is able to attribute her silence to the standards of decorum which resulted in circumstances (perhaps those very cases which strike us the most)such as cannot be brought forward without betraying a confidence, or in some respect saying what should not be said (220). Wentworth hears and understands her statement and can listen no longer in silence, and so it is broken (222). Annes life in silence is over, as Captain Wentworth declares he can distinguish the tones of that voice, when they would be lost on others (222-3). Not only does he distinguish the tones of that voice, but also the undertones. Stout convincingly argues that [i]t was Austen who managed to transform the discreet feminine silence prescribed by a system of social decorum into not only a thing of art but also a persuasive rhetoric, and Anne Elliot is the perfect example of this art (ix).Anne Elliot is Austens sublime model of female excellence. Her reticence sets her apart from the vain and narcissistic aristocracy; it gives her a steady and sensible character; and it shows her dedication to social values. Reserve is a recurring theme in all of Austens novels. It is an expression of decorum, values and good sense, and it is never a sign of weakness. One look at the Austen canon reveals that [i]n Austens world, the big talker is almost always a fool or a villain, or both, and silence is mostly portrayed as a virtue (Stout 27). Like Anne Elliot, Fanny Price and Elinor Dashwood are also provided with a reserved character as a contrast to other characters, but neither of them has reached the same level as perfection as Anne has. In a letter to her niece, Fanny Knight, Austen herself declares about Anne; she is almost too good for me, and one has to agree with Mr. Elliot who observes Anne Elliot to be a most extraordinary young woman; in her temper, manners, mind, a model of female excellence (149).Works CitedAusten, Jane. Letters to Fanny Knight 1814-1816. The Republic of Pemberley. Letters of Jane Austen-Brabourne Edition: Letters to Her Niece Fanny Knight 1814-1816. 14 Apr. 2006 .. Persuasion. Ed. Gillian Beer. London: Penguin, 2003.Beer, Gillian. Introduction. Persuasion. By Jane Austen. London: Penguin, 2003. xi-xxxiv.Cantor, Paul A. A Class Act: Persuasion and the Lingering Death of the Aristocracy. Philosophy and Literature 23.1 (1999). 14 Apr. 2006 .Moon, E.B. A Model of Female Excellence: Anne Elliot, Persuasion, and the Vindication of a Richardsonian Ideal of the Female Character. AUMLA: Journal of the Australasian Universities Language and Literature Association: A Journal of Literary 67 (1987): 25-42.Stout, Janis P. Strategies of Reticence: Strategies and Meaning in the Works of Jane Austen, Willa Cather, Katheri ne Anne Porter, and Joan Didion. Charlottesville: UP of Virginia, 1990.
Tuesday, May 19, 2020
The Berbers in North Africa has been suffering linguistic imperialism through the systematic control of their language both by the West and by the Arab majority through the process of Arabisation. But what distinguishes imperialism to other kinds of subordination in all forms of the language is that there is a greater attempt to appropriate the psyche and the cultural practices of the colonized. Africa has become a place of rapid colonization since the scramble for Africa by various imperial countries due to vast economic promises and little resistance from multi-ethnic and linguistic communities. As the spirit of nationalism was more relaxed, it helped the French to divide and rule or for the British Company at first to indirectly rule the masses through their tribal leaders in most cases. Post independent Africa drew these instances of multi-ethnic separations of the African people that had given rise to colonization in Africa in the first place. This, till today, remains a big i ssue for political leaders to enhance African nationalism and not give much importance to ethnic claims to their independent heritage. Thus sometimes multiple ethnicity and nationalism seem opposing forces that have become another serious issue in the context of the Berbers. We will write a custom essay sample on Assimilation and Nationalism or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/pageorder now North Africa comprises the countries of Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, Tunisia, and Western Sahara. Close relations in culture and linguistics also make Eritrea and Ethiopia a part of North Africa. North Africa is generally included in common definitions with the Middle East due to similarities in religion and culture. My object of study is the Berbers of Northwest Africa. While Northeast Africa had been home to the Egyptians, Ethiopians and the Nubians, they were in constant contact with the Berbers. The Muslim-Arab conquest of the 7th century spread Arab culture and language, though the Berber and the Arabic languages are distantly related, both being members of the Afro-Asiatic family.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
ARGUMENT PAPER I APOLOGY: DEFENSE OF SOCRATES PLATO 40C-41C PHILOSOPHY 2010 20 SEPTEMBER 2011 WALTER A. JENKINS JR Plato once said, Ã¢â¬Å"No one knows whether death, which People fear to be the greatest evil, may not be the greatest good.Ã¢â¬ Throughout the history of mankind, man has been fascinated with the mystery surrounding death. For many it is a phenomenon which is feared and for others it is a salvation from the misery and suffering of everyday life. In PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"ApologyÃ¢â¬ , Socrates has been sentenced to death and he claims that what Ã¢â¬Å"has befallen me is a blessing.Ã¢â¬ After the conclusion of his trial, he explains that there are two possible outcomes to death. Either death is a final end to oneÃ¢â¬â¢s existence, or one diesÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦He says that if there is no life after death then you will simply cease to exist and then death would be the soundest sleep you could experience. You would no longer be aware of the pain and misery of life and eternity would seem to be one night of interrupted sound sleep. However, if you die and there is no after life, you will not be able to help friends and family in need. Socrates would not be able to continue to teach his children the ways of life and he would no longer be able to guide the youth of Athens in becoming Ã¢â¬Å"good fellow citizens.Ã¢â¬ At the end of the trial Socrates even asks the jury to watch after his family after he is gone to ensure his sons are raised properly. And then he states to the jury that Ã¢â¬Å"it is time for me to die, and for you to live- though which of us has the better destiny is unclear to everyone, save only to God.Ã¢â¬ So with this statement, Socrates seems to contradict himself and admits that nobody really knows whether it is better to be alive than dead. This statement also clearly identifies the fact that he believes in a supreme being so there is no way he could believe that there is no life after death. He in fact several times speaks about how his obedience to his God is of the utmost importance. Essentially this whole argument about death with no after life being a favorable outcome is completely preposterous. He would be abandoning his family, friends and his principles further contradictingShow MoreRelatedEssay on Socrates Fight for Justice1101 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIn PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s works Apology and Crito there is an attempt by Socrates to defend himself in court and defend his choice to receive the death penalty when found guilty. Althoug h he makes very valid and strong arguments throughout one can only wonder why such a wise person would choose death over life. The following essay will analyze three quotes from Apology and Crito, find the correlation between them, and reveal any flaws that may exsist inside these arguments made by Socrates. In PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s Apology SocratesRead MoreUnderstanding Philosophy and Its Benefits1194 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesUnderstanding Philosophy and its Benefits By: Anonymous Understanding Philosophy and its Benefits 1 Many of PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s dialogues such as the Euthyphro, Apology, Crito and Phaedo are based upon the same reoccurring theme, the defense of the study of philosophy. PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s dialogues notable for their depth in a relatively narrow framework, attempt to argue the benefits of philosophical reasoning through essence, knowledge and truth. To understand the benefits of philosophy one must pose the questionRead MoreBiography of Socrates, An Annotated Bibliography1581 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesDylan, the senior lecturer of the Department of Philosophy at University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg and author of several articles provides the argument that a satisfactory interpretation of human wisdom can be given in terms of Ã¢â¬Å"philosophiaÃ¢â¬ .He confirms his analysis by its resolution of some enduring difficulties in the interpretation of Apology and also by providing the answer as to why Socrates continued to search for knowledge which he thought was impossible to attain. He tries to explainRead MoreAnalysis Of Plato s The Ring Of Gyges 1510 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesSocrates in Plato s Republic, through 449a. Then consider whether Plato s Socrates in The Apology would answer in a way that was any different, in substance or in tone. Your own opinion is worth a page of so, but focus on the argument of Plato s Socrat es. When Glaucon attempts to argue that no difference exists between the just and unjust man, he tells the tale of the Ring of Gyges. In this paper, I will analyze the implications possessing a magic ring like the Ring of Gyges and will outlineRead MoreAnnotated Bibliography Of George Boos1818 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesthe very fount of Socrates, yet he made them one from all and as if a body of his own begettingÃ¢â¬ (445). Blyth, Dougal. Ã¢â¬Å"Socrates Trial and Conviction of the Jurors in Platos Ã¢â¬Å"Apology. Ã¢â¬ËPhilosophy Rhetoric, no. 1, 2000, p. 1.Ã Accessed 1 Nov. 2017. Dougal BlythÃ¢â¬â¢s article provide arguments of PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s own aims in writing the Apology that presents the judicial proceedings that led to SocratesÃ¢â¬â¢s execution. The author suggests that SocratesÃ¢â¬â¢ execution in having the opposite significance to the superficialRead MorePlato1819 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesSupposed Contradiction in PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s Apology and Crito Ben Blanks, Lynchburg College (EditorÃ¢â¬â¢s note: This essay by Ben Blanks is the winner of the North Award for the best paper in the 2012 Agora. Ben presented an earlier version of this paper at the ACTC Student Conference at Pepperdine University in Malibu, California, in March, 2011.) When reading the Apology and the Crito of Plato, one inevitably comes upon a seeming fundamental contradiction between the two dialogues. The Apology presents readers withRead MorePlato s Euthyphro And Apology893 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesquestion, analyze and evaluate everything but do not always end with concrete conclusions. PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s Euthyphro and Apology, to no surprise, highlight one of such debate: the human characteristics of wisdom. Though Plato was one of the earliest philosophers, the topic of wisdom is still debated by modern philosophers today, contemplating questions such as Ã¢â¬Å"What are the classifications of Ã¢â¬ËwisdomÃ¢â¬â¢?Ã¢â¬ According to PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s two dialogues, the characteristics of wisdom have a strong correlation with the characteristicsRead MoreThe Trial and Death of Socrates Essay1639 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagescontribute to the tragedy in the trail and death of Socrates. Although, the trial and death of Socrates has many components that are th ought provoking and important to the tale of Socrates, it is the apology that is my own favorite in capturing PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s true character and therefore the impending paper is mainly evaluating the events and occurrences of that particular section of the trial and death of Socrates. Having read and analyzed Ã¢â¬Å"the trial and deathÃ¢â¬â¢ of Socrates, it is apparent that SocratesRead MoreApology and Phaedo, by Socrates833 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesRiya Roy HON 105 Will McNeil 04/15/14 Paper One Contemplating Death Both philosophers and non-philosophers stand on a level of equality with respect to death. There are no experts on death, for there is nothing to know about it. Even those who study the death process have no edge on the rest of us. We are all equals in thinking about death, and we all begin and end thinking about it from a position of ignorance. One trouble with discussing this topic is the instinctive fear of death. We tend toRead MoreDeath And Death Of Socrates903 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAfter reading PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s Five Dialogues and studying the trial, the imprisonment and death of Socrates I was left with many wandering thoughts about death. What stood out to me about the trial of Socrates was his will to never give up on what he believed and SocrateÃ¢â¬â¢s lack of remorse (borderline humor) towards the jury or any Athenians who thought otherwise. What stood out to me even more was that he had no fear of death. In this paper I will argue that death is the ultimate study of phil osophy and
Question: Discuss about theHotel Hospitality Management for Marriot Groups. Answer: Introduction: A target market consists of a group of consumers for whom a particular product with some specific features would hold more value. Every company analyses its target market thereby facilitating their growth in the market. The present report represents, the strategy behind the targeted markets of the Starwood- Marriott alliance Groups of Company. In this study the rewards program that were taken up by the Marriot Groups thereby analysing their impacts. The determination regarding who won, who lost and what would be in the future of the rewards programs impact that are conducted by the Marriot Groups have been discussed in this paper. A comprehensive review has been provided on the Marriot Worldwide Rewards Company that has been launched by the Marriot Groups in September 2016. Starwood- Marriott Alliance Rewards Campaign and its Impact: This American based multinational Company; The Marriot International Inc. is an intensively diversified hospitality company. This is a large group of industry which was founded in the year 1927 and has its headquarters at Bethesda, Maryland. A wide portfolio of hotels and other facilities that are related to lodging are managed and franchised by this Company. The company has its property in about 110 countries worldwide and the property of the company is even more than 5700 that includes about 1.2 millions rooms approximately (Thomas, 2015) The company of Marriot International Inc. and the company of Starwood Hotels Resorts Worldwide unanimously have approved on a decision of merger agreement. This combination would create the largest hotel company in the hospitality industry of the world. In this transaction of the companies, the leading international footprints and leading lifestyle brands are combined with the luxury and select- service tiers of Marriot (Marriott News Center. 2016). The company as an individual were a separate entity with a large portfolio and when combined the operation level of both the companies would franchise even more than 5500 hotel worldwide that would provide for even more than 1.1 million of rooms. The revenue for the both combined companies was more than $2.7 billion for the year ended 2015 (Gustavo, 2013). Figure 1: A handy diagram made regarding the takeover (Source: Gustavo, 2013) Understanding the Target Market of the Marriot Groups: Marriott International wants to provide its customers with better services along with maintaining the loyalty of the customers. With a view point of customers loyalty, the Marriott Company introduces different rewards campaign for its customers. Amongst the entire award winning loyalty programs of the Marriott international is the worldwide rewards campaign that the company launched in the year 2016, September. The company launched its new marketing campaign that was designed to raise the level of awareness of many of the brands of the company specially targeting the younger travelling group of the society. This campaign for the company was designed by Grey New York and it featured a TV Spot of 30 sec that would debut during the football game broadcast of the New York Jets-Buffalo Bills. This ad has been specially designed with the events for the loyalty program members and has the tagline of You are here. The companys this rewards campaign of the company is different from its other campaigns. In this campaign the company focuses on connecting the customers with the brand name emotionally however, in the previous campaign it just was shown how the loyalty program worked (Cantallops Salvi, 2014). Achieving the Target Market of the Marriot Groups: Apart from the television ad there are also some other aspects of this campaign that includes of the digital magazine of the company where the travellers share their stories, usage of the social media such as the Facebook, Instagram and many other. The number as in compared with the previous the loyalty program member of the company increased around 13.1 percentages this year (Yoo Bai, 2013). This is assumed to have taken place due to the rewards programs that the Marriott has taken up in the September. In the same year Marriot experienced even more number of increasing members for the rewards program. Due to this merge of the Starwood and the Marriot and the rewards program that the company has undertaken, the presence of the company in the lucrative regions such as Asia, Africa and others would be doubled up. The valuation points of Marriot are around $8.92 per 1000 points. This is still the highest level of concentration of the affordable hotels brands in the portfolio of Marriot. This implies that the members of the company only need to spend just an average of around $2000 for getting a free night at Marriot. Whereas, in comparison to the Starwood, it implies that the Starwood members need to spend roughly an average of around $7000 (Yoo Bai, 2013). This states that the Marriot Company offers services to its members at comparatively lower amount and therefore, this a strategy through which the company is achieving its targeted markets by having more concentration in its hotels. However, the merging of the two best companies of their field would result in the increase in the membership size of the merged companies of the Starwood and the Marriott. This merging would also result in more booking from the targeted markets and the achieving of more profits as this would then steal the shar e of bookings that are done by the outsider third party (Yoo Bai, 2013). Conclusion: The above study is based on the merging of the Starwood and the Marriot Company and the rewards programs that have been undertaken for it by the two companies. The rewards program of the company and the Marriot worldwide Worldwide Rewards campaign that was held by the Marriot Company in order to encourage its loyalty members have been discussed in this research study. The targeted market groups of the Marriot Company have been discussed and how the Company achieves its targeted market has also been mentioned. The targeted groups of the company is identified and specified. The strategies that have been taken up by the Marriott Company for achieving the attention and the value from its targeted markets have also been mentioned. References: Cantallops, A. S., Salvi, F. (2014). New consumer behavior: A review of research on eWOM and hotels.International Journal of Hospitality Management,36, 41-51. DOI No. : 10.1016/j.ijhm.2013.08.007 Gustavo, N. (2013). Marketing management trends in tourism and hospitality industry: Facing the 21st century environment.International Journal of Marketing Studies,5(3), 13. DOI No. : 10.5539/ijms.v5n3p13 Marriott News Center. (2016). Marriott Rewards Launches Global Portfolio Marketing Initiative to Showcase Diverse Hotel Brands and Member Benefits - Marriott News Center. [online] Available at: https://news.marriott.com/2016/09/marriott-rewards-launches-global-portfolio-marketing-initiative-showcase-diverse-hotel-brands-member-benefits/ [Accessed 28 Nov. 2016]. Thomas, L. Y. (2015, January). The International Council of Hotel, Restaurant, and Institutional Education (ICHRIE), San Diego, California, July 30August 1, 2014. InJournal of Convention Event Tourism(Vol. 16, No. 1, pp. 11-15). Routledge. DOI No. : 10.1080/15470148.2015.1000751 Yoo, M., Bai, B. (2013). Customer loyalty marketing research: A comparative approach between hospitality and business journals.International Journal of Hospitality Management,33, 166-177. DOI No. : 10.1016/j.ijhm.2012.07.009
Wednesday, April 22, 2020
The Grapes Of Wrath David Rosen English 3H, Period 2 Mrs. Carmody September 26, 2000 The Inter-Chapters and Symbolism in The Grapes of Wrath Authors often use many different writing styles and techniques when creating their novels. They use these certain methods in order to make their stories more descriptive and easier to understand. John Steinbeck uses many literary techniques in The Grapes of Wrath to help the reader better understand the story. For instance, by writing the inter-chapters, Steinbeck often foreshadows the regular chapters and the events that will occur in them. Another literary tool used very well by Steinbeck is his use of symbolism throughout the entire novel. He is able to produce a great deal of symbols which can provide for a clearer understanding of the novel through things such as animals, machines, and nature. In The Grapes of Wrath, many different literary techniques are used to further describe and bring to life the novel, but the two that Steinbeck uses the most are the inter-chapters and symbolism. The inter-chapters are a purely unique creation by John Steinbeck. Because of the extent of description that he writes with, these chapters fit very well into the novel. Clearly, the authors goal is to have the reader picture the harsh situations that the Joads and other families have to go through. By thoroughly describing each setting, this creates a more vivid image for the reader. Also, these inter-chapters contain a more of a general picture as to what is going on during the time period of the Joads journey. While the regular chapters are written to tell the specific story of the Joad family and document their journey to California, the inter-chapters, usually, correspond with the story line of the novel. The inter-chapters, eventually, become very intriguing as the story progresses. After awhile, as the story progresses, the two different types of chapters gives the story a rhythmical pattern. The inter-chapters are a key part in The Grapes of Wrath because they provide indirec t comments and show general situations which foreshadow the personal tragedies of the main characters. These comments and situations help give the reader an understanding of what the characters are facing through their journey by either showing metaphorically their triumphs and struggles or explaining the history of the period that they are living in. Chapter three is an inter-chapter. In this chapter, Steinbeck describes a concrete highway (p. 20) that a land turtle struggles to cross. The turtle has almost reached his destination when a truck hits it. This chips its shell, and it is thrown on its back. The turtle then has to struggle with all of its might to turn back over. Eventually the turtle flips back over and continues on its journey. This chapter represents the continuous struggles and obstacles that the Joads would have to cope with throughout the entire story. Throughout the novel the Joads meet many hardships. They are forced to leave their home, lose family members such as the grandparents and Noah, work for low wages, and suffer from hunger, floods, and cruel prejudices in California. Like the turtle, the Joads refuse to give up and continue on with their journey. Chapter five is another inter-chapter that discusses the tractors that would come to the land and plow through it. It destroys everything in its path. This chapter is an abstract conflict between the tenant farmer and the banks. The banks want to take over the land to make more money, but it is very difficult for the farmers to leave because the land has been settled by their grandfathers. One tenant farmers is so upset that he threatens to shoot the driver by saying (hed) be in the window with a rifle (p. 51). Another chapter describes a tenant farmer that has to leave and is cheated into paying too much for a car. Chapter nine describes the generalized families who must sell their sentimental goods at absurdly low prices. These chapters represent the situations which the Joads encount er very soon. The Joads must leave their land and sell all of their things. Later in the novel, Grandpa threatens to kill the tractor driver who was plowing their land just like the tenant farmer who
Monday, March 16, 2020
Formal Outline- Critical Analysis of Poetry I. Introduction a. Poetry conveys special messages b. Discuss the speaker and tone c. THESIS STATEMENT: The poems, Ã¢â¬Å"My PapaÃ¢â¬â¢s Waltz,Ã¢â¬ by Theodore Roethke, and Ã¢â¬Å"Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night,Ã¢â¬ by Dylan Thomas, are both spoken by or refer to a male figure; nevertheless, they differ in the style of the speakerÃ¢â¬â¢s voice and usage of various images and symbols, which convey the theme of each poem. II. Body Paragraph- Introducing the voice in each poem a. Ã¢â¬Å"My PapaÃ¢â¬â¢s WaltzÃ¢â¬ i. Why does the author choose this speaker? ii. Discuss the voice; tie the voice to the theme. b. Ã¢â¬Å"Do Not Go Gentle into That NightÃ¢â¬ i. Why the author does choose this speaker? ii. Discuss the voice; tie the voice to the theme. III. Body Paragraph- Discuss images and symbols a. Ã¢â¬Å"My PapaÃ¢â¬â¢s WaltzÃ¢â¬ i. Usage of images and symbols ii. How are they appropriate to the theme and speaker? b. Ã¢â¬Å"Do Not Go Gentle into That NightÃ¢â¬ i. Usage of images and symbols ii. How are they appropriate to the theme and speaker? IV. Conclusion a. Restate the introduction b. Discuss each poem, while reiterating main points Critical Analysis of Poetry Poetry conveys special messages, but without understanding the voice of the speaker and the tone of the poem, it would be difficult to comprehend the poem to its entirety. The speaker narrates the reader through the poetry, but the tone of the speaker Ã¢â¬Å"describes the shaping of attitudes in poetry (Roberts 809).Ã¢â¬ The poems, Ã¢â¬Å"My PapaÃ¢â¬â¢s Waltz,Ã¢â¬ by Theodore Roethke, and Ã¢â¬Å"Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night,Ã¢â¬ by Dylan Thomas, are both spoken by or refer to a male figure; nevertheless, they differ in the style of the speakerÃ¢â¬â¢s voice and usage of various images and symbols, which convey the theme of each poem. Although each poem refers to men as a subject, they both have a distinct voice. Ã¢â¬Å"My... Free Essays on My Papa's Waltz And Do Not Go Genle Into That Good Night Free Essays on My Papa's Waltz And Do Not Go Genle Into That Good Night Formal Outline- Critical Analysis of Poetry I. Introduction a. Poetry conveys special messages b. Discuss the speaker and tone c. THESIS STATEMENT: The poems, Ã¢â¬Å"My PapaÃ¢â¬â¢s Waltz,Ã¢â¬ by Theodore Roethke, and Ã¢â¬Å"Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night,Ã¢â¬ by Dylan Thomas, are both spoken by or refer to a male figure; nevertheless, they differ in the style of the speakerÃ¢â¬â¢s voice and usage of various images and symbols, which convey the theme of each poem. II. Body Paragraph- Introducing the voice in each poem a. Ã¢â¬Å"My PapaÃ¢â¬â¢s WaltzÃ¢â¬ i. Why does the author choose this speaker? ii. Discuss the voice; tie the voice to the theme. b. Ã¢â¬Å"Do Not Go Gentle into That NightÃ¢â¬ i. Why the author does choose this speaker? ii. Discuss the voice; tie the voice to the theme. III. Body Paragraph- Discuss images and symbols a. Ã¢â¬Å"My PapaÃ¢â¬â¢s WaltzÃ¢â¬ i. Usage of images and symbols ii. How are they appropriate to the theme and speaker? b. Ã¢â¬Å"Do Not Go Gentle into That NightÃ¢â¬ i. Usage of images and symbols ii. How are they appropriate to the theme and speaker? IV. Conclusion a. Restate the introduction b. Discuss each poem, while reiterating main points Critical Analysis of Poetry Poetry conveys special messages, but without understanding the voice of the speaker and the tone of the poem, it would be difficult to comprehend the poem to its entirety. The speaker narrates the reader through the poetry, but the tone of the speaker Ã¢â¬Å"describes the shaping of attitudes in poetry (Roberts 809).Ã¢â¬ The poems, Ã¢â¬Å"My PapaÃ¢â¬â¢s Waltz,Ã¢â¬ by Theodore Roethke, and Ã¢â¬Å"Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night,Ã¢â¬ by Dylan Thomas, are both spoken by or refer to a male figure; nevertheless, they differ in the style of the speakerÃ¢â¬â¢s voice and usage of various images and symbols, which convey the theme of each poem. Although each poem refers to men as a subject, they both have a distinct voice. Ã¢â¬Å"My...
Saturday, February 29, 2020
Some schools donÃ¢â¬â¢t accept black children and white child often bullied black children, so black children canÃ¢â¬â¢t get a equal treatment in school. In Unite States, some jobs not allow the black and only white, so black donÃ¢â¬â¢t have enough opportunities to work, and black often unemployment. Black often live a messy place, because white donÃ¢â¬â¢t want to rent the house to black ect. Review of American history, the United States since 1870, by the 15th amendment ( black won the right to vote ), up to now the black enter the presidential race for the first time and got elected and re-elected. ( democratic candidate black Obama became the first black President of the United States ), So American Negro suffrage cyclone have lit the African-American people unprecedented political enthusiasm. As we all know, the United States is an immigrant country, once was regarded as is the world 's ethnic melting pot. In nearly 30 years since the U.S. immigration policy unceasing change, the immigrant population has increased dramatically. The whites accounted for 72% of the U.S. population, blacks (13%), Hispanics (11%), Asia and the Pacific African people accounted for 4%. Changes in population structure, it is bound to the political, economic, and social and cultural impact, the impact in the new century, especially the new immigrants and the United States is traditionally the differences such as language, culture and the complexion that analysts have thinking: the United States will continue to be national melting pot? Or will become a "mosaic"? Although for this issue... ... middle of paper ... ... the university of Denver. In January 1989, has just turned 34, rice served as special assistant to President George w. bush 's national security affairs, started a career. As Russia expert in the bush administration, the rice was the top black women in the United States government. The presidential election in 2000, Condoleezza rice, as the republican candidate for President George w. bush 's chief foreign policy adviser, to advise the bush. Bush was elected President appointed rice President for national security affairs assistant. She has always been the President 's right-hand man. In January 2005, served as secretary of state, she is following the Clinton administration 's Madeleine Albright second female secretary of state in American history. The focus now is black senator Obama 's glorious struggle. In 1996, was elected Illinois senator, Obama and three-term.
Thursday, February 13, 2020
Evaluate the importance of routine in a child's devlopment - Essay Example Too much waiting begets wiggle, giggle, squirm and poke.Ã¢â¬ (p. 187). These routines are set periods that come one after the other that children learn to expect as they go about their day. Ã¢â¬Å"Routines are the backbone of classroom life. They facilitate teaching and learningÃ¢â¬ (Shalaway, 1997, p. 25). It structures the activities and help students know what to expect and how to behave during transitions. Scheduling routines is not just listing the activities one after the other just to fill the school day. It requires careful planning and consideration of the childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s developmental needs, attention span, the variety and balance of activities and even the time of day. Planning should include transition activities from one routine to another, as it is in transition times when children may slip into rowdy behavior if they are not managed well enough. The following routines observed in a class of 4-5 year olds shall be carefully analyzed and critiqued: At first glance, the routines seem to serve only the teacherÃ¢â¬â¢s understanding of what happens in her day, with knowledge of what goes on in each routine. The time blocks for Ã¢â¬Å"taught lessonÃ¢â¬ give the impression that it is much too long for the attention span of four and five year old children, because the lesson periods are assumed to be passive, Ã¢â¬Å"sit-downÃ¢â¬ time for children while they listened to the teacher deliver the lessons. The time allotted for playtime, which is only for fifteen minutes reflect that this class does not value play as much as lesson time. The routine at hand does not give enough information on what the children do the whole time. It is important for a schedule of routines to be more specific in its information, and cutting down the time to budget all planned activities that goes in each routine. For example, in the first part of the day, the first forty-five minutes may include more information on what goes on during the Assembly time. Are the
Saturday, February 1, 2020
Hemorrhoids - Research Paper Example Hemorrhoids are actually very simple to develop, which is due in part to the fact that hemorrhoids already exist in the body. All it takes to disrupt them is an increase of pressure in the lower rectum. Aspects that can cause increased pressure are straining during bowel movements, sitting on the toilet for long periods of time and chronic diarrhea. Other factors include obesity, pregnancy and anal intercourse. It is also possible to inherit the ability to develop hemorrhoids, as well as the possibility of developing them simply due to age. Signs and symptoms connected to hemorrhoids are painless bleeding during bowel movements, itching in or around the anal region, and swelling or painful lumps around the anus (Salinitri, pg. 16). Other symptoms include hemorrhoids jutting out from the anus that are very painful. The types of symptoms that an individual experiences is based entirely on where the hemorrhoids are, whether internal or external. When hemorrhoids are on the inside of the body, they are harder to feel, do not cause pain and often go unnoticed unless they start to bleed. Numerous options are available for treatment of hemorrhoids. Unfortunately, there is no cure for hemorrhoids, though there are plenty of methods to help alleviate the pain. Once a person develops hemorrhoids, and even after they have disappeared, it still remains in their body, capable of reappearing in the future. For more mild symptoms, over-the-counter creams and suppositories can be used. Their main purpose is to help relieve the pain caused by the hemorrhoids. For more painful symptoms, a doctor can prescribe other medications. There are other options to help with the treatment of hemorrhoids, such as rubber band ligation, which is when the doctor places rubber bands are an internal hemorrhoid to cut off its circulation (Kelsey, pg. 43). Injections are also available to help shrink the hemorrhoids, though this is not as effective as rubber band ligations. With
Thursday, January 23, 2020
Sociological Theory: Positivistic, Interpretative, and Critical Comment on the three types of sociological theories, explain and argue, based on your library or Internet research, which type of theory is the most appropriate theory for sociology to adopt. The three general types of sociological theory are positivistic, interpretive and critical theory.In determining which theory is the most appropriate for sociology to adopt,a basic understanding of each theory's strengths and weaknesses is necessary.In defining each of these theories, it is important to determine the ontological basis orthe theory's basis for determining what is knowable; the epistemological basis or the theory's relationship between the knower and the knowable; and, finally, the methodological basis or the theory's method for gathering data and obtaining knowledge. A.POSITIVISTIC 1.Ontology. The positivistic theory is based on an ontology ofbeing a realist.The realistic slant of positivism is also known as determinism.The positivist knows that a reality is "out there" to be defined and categorized.The hard sciences from the time of Newton and Decartes have traditionally relied on the positivistic approach.The positivist hopes to be able to approximate "reality" in a detailed generalization or theory on how reality operates.The theories of a positivist generallytake the form of cause and effect laws describing the outside reality.Robert Merton defined these theorems as "clear verifiable statements of the relationships between specified variables." 2.Epistemology. Positivism relies onan objective epistemology.The observer remains distant and does not interact with the observation or experiment.Values and any other factors that might lead to bias are to be carefully removed so that the cold, monological gaze of science can be used to analyze the data.The positivist is an objectivist. 3.Methodology. The methodology of positivism is experimental and manipulative. The approach is the same as propounded in most junior high science classes:begin with a hypothesis on how "reality" works, then gather data and test the data against the hypothesis.The question propounded initially is tested against empirical data gathered in the experiment under carefully controlled conditions. B.INTERPRETIVE 1.Ontology. The interpretivist ontology is relativism.The... ...late objectivity. This is not the same as objectivism.Each has its own "norms for proceeding with a particular form of inquiry in a rational manner."However, because of the orientation of each theory, the end results will vary. Based upon these difference, critical theory does not seem to be a theory that should be adopted by sociologists.It belongs more in the realm of politics and legislation.Critical theory in that context could take advantage of scientific inquiry by both positivistic and interpretive sociologists to make determinations about social change.If indeed critical theorist are to be involved in sociological study, full disclosure of prejudices and objectives would be needed for any inquiry to be beneficial and trustworthy. Postpositivism remains the best approach for observing the exteriors of society.Coupled with the interpretivist's view of the interior culture, the two theories working hand in hand would be most beneficial for the sociologist in examining society.Utilizing a dual approach would be the most comprehensive and give the scientific inquiry both depth and span in evaluating our societies and creating a useable body of sociological research.
Wednesday, January 15, 2020
Legal Studies In December 2002 Dominic Li answered his front door to two men (Richard Nimmo and Maua Sua) both armed with guns. Sua and Nimmo were being paid by Yonky Irvin Tan, a drug dealer whom LiÃ¢â¬â¢s brother in law owed money to. Both Sua and Nimmo poured hydrochloric acid onto Mr Li where he suffered burns to his face, became blind and burns to his oesophagus. Mr Li painfully passed away three weeks later due to these injuries sustained as they led to a blockage in his throat that blocked his breathing. Tan was found guilty of plannng the murder and sentenced to life in prison.Sua and Nimmo were found not guilty to the murder but found guilty on other offences. Identify the correct legal citation of the case Name: Dominic Li Ã¢â¬â Satorre v R, R v AB, R v Tan Ã¢â¬â Acid attack and murder Date: 13th December 2002 Outline the elements of the offence In this case the elements of this case include the planning of the event by Tan. This is known as the menÃ¢â¬â¢s rea (gu ilty mind) this is proven by Tan admitting he had planned out the act and paid Sua and Nimmo to kill Li for him. Also acts rea is established in this case.Acts rea is the guilty act and is revealed in the case by Sua and Nimmo pouring the acid on LiÃ¢â¬â¢s face which eventually led to Li passing away three weeks later due to the injuries suffered in the attack. The overall offence of this act was murder. Describe the factors that might have led to the criminal behaviour. Economics was the factor/motive for this murder. LiÃ¢â¬â¢s brother in law (Phillip Ma) owed Tan money and had disappeared. Tan then planned out the murder of Li as a way of finding out where Ma was and to portray to Ma that it was a sign that Tan was coming after him.Outline the reporting and investigation of the crime Mr LiÃ¢â¬â¢s murder was reported to the police by his wife who looked on in horror as her husband had the acid poured down his throat and on his face at gunpoint. The evidence that was discovere d at the crime scene was the DNA of Sua and Nimmo (Fingerprints on guns and acid bottle). Explain the role of the courts The role of the courts is to hear cases being put forward by the two parties and decide the outcome of the hearing. In this case the case was heard at the NSW Supreme Court.It was heard in Supreme Court as the offence committed was too severe for the local courts as it was a murder case. Outline the legal representation The legal representation in this case is the roles of both the crown and the prosecutor. The role of the crown in cases is to act as the prosecuting party against the defendant. The Crown is usually abbreviated or represented by R. e. g. R v Smith. The role of the prosecutor is to assist the court in that the truth of the offence has been arrived and achieved. Identify the PleaIn the case of Dominic LiÃ¢â¬â¢s murder the offenders involved in the crime Tan, Sua, Nimmo and Sattore all pleaded innocent but were found guilty on various offences. Firs tly Tan was found guilty of planning the murder and was sentenced to life in prison. Secondly Sua and Nimmo were found guilty but were acquitted because one of TanÃ¢â¬â¢s associates that was involved in proving Sua and NimmoÃ¢â¬â¢s guilt and been in prison on previous occasions was seen as unreliable. However, both Sua and Nimmo were found guilty of drug offences and both prisoned to 24 years prison.Finally Sattore, who was found guilty of driving Sua and Nimmo to LiÃ¢â¬â¢s house was charged with being an accessory to the crime as he admitted to having prior knowledge of the planned murder and was sentenced to 16 years in prison. After the sentences were handed down Sattore expressed his sympathy and sorrow towards the victimÃ¢â¬â¢s friends and family. Discuss the factors that affect the sentencing decision Factors that affect sentencing decisions are conditions that may influence the final outcome and affect the result e. g. educe or increase the punishment handed down. The se conditions are considered by the court when determining whether the defendant is guilty or innocent. Some conditions may reduce the severity of the charge. These conditions are known as mitigating offences. In addition, conditions that may result in the charge becoming more severe are known as aggravating offences. In Mr LiÃ¢â¬â¢s case the mitigating offence shown was that of Mr TanÃ¢â¬â¢s associates being labelled as unreliable therefore leading to the murder charges on Sua and Nimmo being dropped.Explain the penalty given Penalties given to the defendant may include time in prison. The judge determines the time that the defendant has to serve in prison based on the severity of the case that is being heard. In the case of Mr LiÃ¢â¬â¢s murder the judge handed down the sentence of life in prison to Mr Tan, 24 years in prison to both Sua and Nimmo and 16 years imprisonment to Sattore. Analyse the extent to which the law balances the rights of victims and offenders.In cases pr esented in court, the courts have to ensure the both the rights of the victims and the offenders are upheld. These rights must be met without any bias or unfairness towards one party. In the case of Mr Dominic LiÃ¢â¬â¢s death, his family and Mr Li himself have had their rights maintained as they know that the people responsible for Mr LiÃ¢â¬â¢s death are serving a long time in prison for what they did. On the other hand the rights of the offenders have also been upheld. Justice has been served to Tan, Sua, Nimmo and Sattore.This has been done by Sua and Nimmo being acquitted because of an unreliable source being used as a witness and providing an unstable statement. However, the rights of LiÃ¢â¬â¢s family were once again maintained as both Sua and Nimmo were still charged for other offences and face lengthy prison sentences. Furthermore , Sattore has been dealt justice as he is still serving time for his part in the murder but hasnÃ¢â¬â¢t been given as severe punishment as t he other member because he did not actually take part in the killing he just drove the murderers to LiÃ¢â¬â¢s house.He also admits to feeling extremely sorry for his actions and all of the offenders must live with the guilt of murdering Mr Dominic Li for the rest of their lives. In conclusion, the rights of both the victims and offenders have been upheld throughout the case by the final outcome. The family of Mr Li can get a sense of security and satisfactory out of knowing that the people who killed their beloved family member are serving time behind bars. Finally, the rights of the offenders were maintained because each member was given a fair trial and received a reduce punishment except for Mr Tan. Bryce Donovan
Tuesday, January 7, 2020
Ramses II (ca 1303 BC Ã¢â¬â 1213 BC) was one of the most powerful and influential Egyptian pharaohs in history. He led expeditions and focused on building up the New Kingdom, and most likely reigned longer than any other pharaoh. Fast Facts: Ramses II Full Name:Ã Ramses II (alternative spelling Ramesses II)Also Known As: UsermaatreÃ SetepenreOccupation: Pharaoh of ancient EgyptBorn: circa 1303 BCDied: 1213 BCKnown For: The longest-reigning pharaoh in history, Ramses IIs reign defined the New Kingdom era of Egypt as one of conquest, expansion, building, and culture.Prominent Spouses: Nefertari (died circa 1255 BC), IsetnofretChildren: Amun-her-khepsef, Ramses, Meritamen, Bintanath, Pareherwenemef, Merneptah (future Pharaoh), and others Early Life and Reign Little is known about RamsesÃ¢â¬â¢ early life. His exact year of birth is not confirmed but is widely believed to be 1303 BC. His father was Seti I, the second pharaoh of the 19th Dynasty, founded by Ramses I, the grandfather of Ramses II. Most likely, Ramses II came to the throne in 1279 BC, when he was approximately 24 years old. At some point prior to this, he married his future queen consort, Nefertari. Over the course of their marriage, they had at least four sons and two daughters, and possibly more, although historians have uncertain evidence of children beyond the six who are clearly mentioned in documents and on carvings. A statue of Ramses II stands in the Temple of Karnak in Luxor, Egypt. David Callan / Getty Images In the first few years of his reign, Ramses foreshadowed his later power with battles against sea pirates and the beginning of major building projects. His earliest known major victory came in the second year of his reign, probably 1277 BC, when he defeated the Sherden pirates. The Sherden, who most likely originated from Ionia or Sardinia, were a fleet of pirates who kept attacking cargo ships en route to Egypt, damaging or outright crippling Egyptian sea trade. Ramses also began his major building projects within the first three years of his reign. On his orders, the ancient temples in Thebes were completely renovated, specifically to honor Ramses and his power, revered as nearly divine. The stone carving methods used by past pharaohs resulted in shallow carvings which could easily be remade by their successors. In place of this, Ramses ordered much deeper carvings that would be harder to undo or alter in the future. Military Campaigns By the fourth year of his reign, approximately 1275 BC, Ramses was making major military moves to regain and expand EgyptÃ¢â¬â¢s territory. He began with war against the nearby Canaan, the region to the northeast of Egypt where the countries of the Middle East such as Israel now are located. One story from this era involves Ramses personally fighting a wounded Canaanite prince and, upon victory, taking the Canaanite prince to Egypt as prisoners. His military campaigns extended into areas previously held by the Hittites and, eventually, Syria. Wall carvings of Ramsess army defeating the Hittites. Ã skaman306 / Getty Images The Syrian campaign was one of the key points of RamsesÃ¢â¬â¢ early reign. Around 1274 BC, Ramses fought in Syria against the Hittites with two goals in mind: expanding EgyptÃ¢â¬â¢s borders, and replicating his fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s triumph at Kadesh about ten years earlier. Although Egyptian forces were outnumbered, he was able to counterattack and force the Hittites back into the city. However, Ramses realized his army wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t able to sustain the kind of siege required to take down the city, so he returned to Egypt, where he was building a new capital city, Pi-Ramesses. A few years later, however, Ramses was able to return to Hittite-held Syria and eventually pushed further north than any pharaoh in over a century. Unfortunately, his northern victories did not last long, and a small bit of land kept going back and forth between Egyptian and Hittite control. In addition to his campaigns in Syria against the Hittites, Ramses led military attempts in other regions. He spent some time, alongside his sons, on military action in Nubia, which had been conquered and colonized by Egypt a few centuries prior but continued to be a thorn in its side. In a surprising turn of events, Egypt actually became a place of refuge for a deposed Hittite king, Mursili III. When his uncle, the new king Ã¡ ¸ ªattuÃ ¡ili III demanded MursiliÃ¢â¬â¢s extradition, Ramses denied all knowledge of MursiliÃ¢â¬â¢s presence in Egypt. As a result, the two countries remained on the brink of war for several years. In 1258 BC, however, they chose to formally end the conflict, resulting in one of the earliest known peace treaties in human history (and the oldest with surviving documentation). In addition, Nefertari kept up a correspondence with Queen Puduhepa, Ã¡ ¸ ªattuÃ ¡iliÃ¢â¬â¢s wife. Buildings and Monuments Even more than his military expeditions, the reign of Ramses was defined by his obsession with building. His new capital city, Pi-Ramesses, featured multiple huge temples and a sprawling palatial complex. Over the course of his reign, he did more building than any of his predecessors. Aside from the new capital city, RamsesÃ¢â¬â¢ most enduring legacy was an enormous temple complex, dubbed the Ramesseum by the Egyptologist Jean-FranÃ §ois Champollion in 1829. It included large courtyards, enormous statues of Ramses, and scenes representing his armyÃ¢â¬â¢s greatest victories and Ramses himself in the company of several deities. Today, 39 of the 48 original columns are still standing, but much of the rest of the temple and its statues have long since disappeared. The Great Temple at Abu Simbel is generally considered the greatest of the temples built during the reign of Ramses II. Tom Schwabel / Getty Images When Nefertari died, approximately 24 years into RamsesÃ¢â¬â¢ reign, she was buried in a tomb fit for a queen. The wall paintings inside the structure, depicting the heavens, the deities, and NefertariÃ¢â¬â¢s presentation to the gods, are considered some of the most exquisite achievements in art in ancient Egypt. Nefertari was not RamsesÃ¢â¬â¢ only wife, but she was honored as the most important. Her son, the crown prince Amun-her-khepeshef, died a year later. Later Reign and Popular Legacy After reigning for 30 years, Ramses II celebrated the traditional jubilee held for the longest-ruling pharaohs, called a Sed festival. By this point in his reign, Ramses had already achieved most of the accomplishments he would be known for: expanding and maintaining the kingdomÃ¢â¬â¢s territory, improving the infrastructure, and building new monuments. Sed festivals were held every three (or, sometimes, two) years after the first one; Ramses ended up celebrating 13 or 14 of them, more than any other pharaoh before him. After reigning for 66 years, RamsesÃ¢â¬â¢ health deteriorated, as he suffered from arthritis and problems with his arteries and teeth. He died at the age of 90 and was succeeded by his son (the oldest son to outlive Ramses), Merneptah. He was first buried in the Valley of the Kings, but his body was moved to deter looters. In the 20th century, his mummy was taken to France for examination (which revealed that the pharaoh was most likely a fair-skinned redhead) and preservation. Today, it resides at the Museum of Cairo. One of the statues of Ramses II at the Temple of Luxor in Egypt. inigoarzaÃ / Getty Images Ramses II was called the Ã¢â¬Å"Great AncestorÃ¢â¬ by his own civilization, and several subsequent pharaohs took the regnal name Ramses in his honor. HeÃ¢â¬â¢s often depicted in popular culture, and is one of the candidates for the pharaoh described in the Book of Exodus, although historians have never been able to determine conclusively who that pharaoh was. Ramses remains one of the best-known pharaohs and one who exemplifies what we know of the ancient Egyptian rulers. Sources Clayton, Peter. Chronology of the Pharaohs. London: Thames Hudson, 1994.Kitchen, Kenneth. Pharaoh Triumphant: The Life and Times of Ramesses II, King of Egypt. London: Aris Phillips, 1983.Rattini, Kristin Baird. Ã¢â¬Å"Who Was Ramses II?Ã¢â¬ National Geographic, 13 May 2019, https://www.nationalgeographic.com/culture/people/reference/ramses-ii/.