Tuesday, May 19, 2020
The Berbers in North Africa has been suffering linguistic imperialism through the systematic control of their language both by the West and by the Arab majority through the process of Arabisation. But what distinguishes imperialism to other kinds of subordination in all forms of the language is that there is a greater attempt to appropriate the psyche and the cultural practices of the colonized. Africa has become a place of rapid colonization since the scramble for Africa by various imperial countries due to vast economic promises and little resistance from multi-ethnic and linguistic communities. As the spirit of nationalism was more relaxed, it helped the French to divide and rule or for the British Company at first to indirectly rule the masses through their tribal leaders in most cases. Post independent Africa drew these instances of multi-ethnic separations of the African people that had given rise to colonization in Africa in the first place. This, till today, remains a big i ssue for political leaders to enhance African nationalism and not give much importance to ethnic claims to their independent heritage. Thus sometimes multiple ethnicity and nationalism seem opposing forces that have become another serious issue in the context of the Berbers. We will write a custom essay sample on Assimilation and Nationalism or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/pageorder now North Africa comprises the countries of Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, Tunisia, and Western Sahara. Close relations in culture and linguistics also make Eritrea and Ethiopia a part of North Africa. North Africa is generally included in common definitions with the Middle East due to similarities in religion and culture. My object of study is the Berbers of Northwest Africa. While Northeast Africa had been home to the Egyptians, Ethiopians and the Nubians, they were in constant contact with the Berbers. The Muslim-Arab conquest of the 7th century spread Arab culture and language, though the Berber and the Arabic languages are distantly related, both being members of the Afro-Asiatic family.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
ARGUMENT PAPER I APOLOGY: DEFENSE OF SOCRATES PLATO 40C-41C PHILOSOPHY 2010 20 SEPTEMBER 2011 WALTER A. JENKINS JR Plato once said, Ã¢â¬Å"No one knows whether death, which People fear to be the greatest evil, may not be the greatest good.Ã¢â¬ Throughout the history of mankind, man has been fascinated with the mystery surrounding death. For many it is a phenomenon which is feared and for others it is a salvation from the misery and suffering of everyday life. In PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"ApologyÃ¢â¬ , Socrates has been sentenced to death and he claims that what Ã¢â¬Å"has befallen me is a blessing.Ã¢â¬ After the conclusion of his trial, he explains that there are two possible outcomes to death. Either death is a final end to oneÃ¢â¬â¢s existence, or one diesÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦He says that if there is no life after death then you will simply cease to exist and then death would be the soundest sleep you could experience. You would no longer be aware of the pain and misery of life and eternity would seem to be one night of interrupted sound sleep. However, if you die and there is no after life, you will not be able to help friends and family in need. Socrates would not be able to continue to teach his children the ways of life and he would no longer be able to guide the youth of Athens in becoming Ã¢â¬Å"good fellow citizens.Ã¢â¬ At the end of the trial Socrates even asks the jury to watch after his family after he is gone to ensure his sons are raised properly. And then he states to the jury that Ã¢â¬Å"it is time for me to die, and for you to live- though which of us has the better destiny is unclear to everyone, save only to God.Ã¢â¬ So with this statement, Socrates seems to contradict himself and admits that nobody really knows whether it is better to be alive than dead. This statement also clearly identifies the fact that he believes in a supreme being so there is no way he could believe that there is no life after death. He in fact several times speaks about how his obedience to his God is of the utmost importance. Essentially this whole argument about death with no after life being a favorable outcome is completely preposterous. He would be abandoning his family, friends and his principles further contradictingShow MoreRelatedEssay on Socrates Fight for Justice1101 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIn PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s works Apology and Crito there is an attempt by Socrates to defend himself in court and defend his choice to receive the death penalty when found guilty. Althoug h he makes very valid and strong arguments throughout one can only wonder why such a wise person would choose death over life. The following essay will analyze three quotes from Apology and Crito, find the correlation between them, and reveal any flaws that may exsist inside these arguments made by Socrates. In PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s Apology SocratesRead MoreUnderstanding Philosophy and Its Benefits1194 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesUnderstanding Philosophy and its Benefits By: Anonymous Understanding Philosophy and its Benefits 1 Many of PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s dialogues such as the Euthyphro, Apology, Crito and Phaedo are based upon the same reoccurring theme, the defense of the study of philosophy. PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s dialogues notable for their depth in a relatively narrow framework, attempt to argue the benefits of philosophical reasoning through essence, knowledge and truth. To understand the benefits of philosophy one must pose the questionRead MoreBiography of Socrates, An Annotated Bibliography1581 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesDylan, the senior lecturer of the Department of Philosophy at University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg and author of several articles provides the argument that a satisfactory interpretation of human wisdom can be given in terms of Ã¢â¬Å"philosophiaÃ¢â¬ .He confirms his analysis by its resolution of some enduring difficulties in the interpretation of Apology and also by providing the answer as to why Socrates continued to search for knowledge which he thought was impossible to attain. He tries to explainRead MoreAnalysis Of Plato s The Ring Of Gyges 1510 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesSocrates in Plato s Republic, through 449a. Then consider whether Plato s Socrates in The Apology would answer in a way that was any different, in substance or in tone. Your own opinion is worth a page of so, but focus on the argument of Plato s Socrat es. When Glaucon attempts to argue that no difference exists between the just and unjust man, he tells the tale of the Ring of Gyges. In this paper, I will analyze the implications possessing a magic ring like the Ring of Gyges and will outlineRead MoreAnnotated Bibliography Of George Boos1818 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesthe very fount of Socrates, yet he made them one from all and as if a body of his own begettingÃ¢â¬ (445). Blyth, Dougal. Ã¢â¬Å"Socrates Trial and Conviction of the Jurors in Platos Ã¢â¬Å"Apology. Ã¢â¬ËPhilosophy Rhetoric, no. 1, 2000, p. 1.Ã Accessed 1 Nov. 2017. Dougal BlythÃ¢â¬â¢s article provide arguments of PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s own aims in writing the Apology that presents the judicial proceedings that led to SocratesÃ¢â¬â¢s execution. The author suggests that SocratesÃ¢â¬â¢ execution in having the opposite significance to the superficialRead MorePlato1819 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesSupposed Contradiction in PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s Apology and Crito Ben Blanks, Lynchburg College (EditorÃ¢â¬â¢s note: This essay by Ben Blanks is the winner of the North Award for the best paper in the 2012 Agora. Ben presented an earlier version of this paper at the ACTC Student Conference at Pepperdine University in Malibu, California, in March, 2011.) When reading the Apology and the Crito of Plato, one inevitably comes upon a seeming fundamental contradiction between the two dialogues. The Apology presents readers withRead MorePlato s Euthyphro And Apology893 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesquestion, analyze and evaluate everything but do not always end with concrete conclusions. PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s Euthyphro and Apology, to no surprise, highlight one of such debate: the human characteristics of wisdom. Though Plato was one of the earliest philosophers, the topic of wisdom is still debated by modern philosophers today, contemplating questions such as Ã¢â¬Å"What are the classifications of Ã¢â¬ËwisdomÃ¢â¬â¢?Ã¢â¬ According to PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s two dialogues, the characteristics of wisdom have a strong correlation with the characteristicsRead MoreThe Trial and Death of Socrates Essay1639 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagescontribute to the tragedy in the trail and death of Socrates. Although, the trial and death of Socrates has many components that are th ought provoking and important to the tale of Socrates, it is the apology that is my own favorite in capturing PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s true character and therefore the impending paper is mainly evaluating the events and occurrences of that particular section of the trial and death of Socrates. Having read and analyzed Ã¢â¬Å"the trial and deathÃ¢â¬â¢ of Socrates, it is apparent that SocratesRead MoreApology and Phaedo, by Socrates833 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesRiya Roy HON 105 Will McNeil 04/15/14 Paper One Contemplating Death Both philosophers and non-philosophers stand on a level of equality with respect to death. There are no experts on death, for there is nothing to know about it. Even those who study the death process have no edge on the rest of us. We are all equals in thinking about death, and we all begin and end thinking about it from a position of ignorance. One trouble with discussing this topic is the instinctive fear of death. We tend toRead MoreDeath And Death Of Socrates903 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAfter reading PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s Five Dialogues and studying the trial, the imprisonment and death of Socrates I was left with many wandering thoughts about death. What stood out to me about the trial of Socrates was his will to never give up on what he believed and SocrateÃ¢â¬â¢s lack of remorse (borderline humor) towards the jury or any Athenians who thought otherwise. What stood out to me even more was that he had no fear of death. In this paper I will argue that death is the ultimate study of phil osophy and
Question: Discuss about theHotel Hospitality Management for Marriot Groups. Answer: Introduction: A target market consists of a group of consumers for whom a particular product with some specific features would hold more value. Every company analyses its target market thereby facilitating their growth in the market. The present report represents, the strategy behind the targeted markets of the Starwood- Marriott alliance Groups of Company. In this study the rewards program that were taken up by the Marriot Groups thereby analysing their impacts. The determination regarding who won, who lost and what would be in the future of the rewards programs impact that are conducted by the Marriot Groups have been discussed in this paper. A comprehensive review has been provided on the Marriot Worldwide Rewards Company that has been launched by the Marriot Groups in September 2016. Starwood- Marriott Alliance Rewards Campaign and its Impact: This American based multinational Company; The Marriot International Inc. is an intensively diversified hospitality company. This is a large group of industry which was founded in the year 1927 and has its headquarters at Bethesda, Maryland. A wide portfolio of hotels and other facilities that are related to lodging are managed and franchised by this Company. The company has its property in about 110 countries worldwide and the property of the company is even more than 5700 that includes about 1.2 millions rooms approximately (Thomas, 2015) The company of Marriot International Inc. and the company of Starwood Hotels Resorts Worldwide unanimously have approved on a decision of merger agreement. This combination would create the largest hotel company in the hospitality industry of the world. In this transaction of the companies, the leading international footprints and leading lifestyle brands are combined with the luxury and select- service tiers of Marriot (Marriott News Center. 2016). The company as an individual were a separate entity with a large portfolio and when combined the operation level of both the companies would franchise even more than 5500 hotel worldwide that would provide for even more than 1.1 million of rooms. The revenue for the both combined companies was more than $2.7 billion for the year ended 2015 (Gustavo, 2013). Figure 1: A handy diagram made regarding the takeover (Source: Gustavo, 2013) Understanding the Target Market of the Marriot Groups: Marriott International wants to provide its customers with better services along with maintaining the loyalty of the customers. With a view point of customers loyalty, the Marriott Company introduces different rewards campaign for its customers. Amongst the entire award winning loyalty programs of the Marriott international is the worldwide rewards campaign that the company launched in the year 2016, September. The company launched its new marketing campaign that was designed to raise the level of awareness of many of the brands of the company specially targeting the younger travelling group of the society. This campaign for the company was designed by Grey New York and it featured a TV Spot of 30 sec that would debut during the football game broadcast of the New York Jets-Buffalo Bills. This ad has been specially designed with the events for the loyalty program members and has the tagline of You are here. The companys this rewards campaign of the company is different from its other campaigns. In this campaign the company focuses on connecting the customers with the brand name emotionally however, in the previous campaign it just was shown how the loyalty program worked (Cantallops Salvi, 2014). Achieving the Target Market of the Marriot Groups: Apart from the television ad there are also some other aspects of this campaign that includes of the digital magazine of the company where the travellers share their stories, usage of the social media such as the Facebook, Instagram and many other. The number as in compared with the previous the loyalty program member of the company increased around 13.1 percentages this year (Yoo Bai, 2013). This is assumed to have taken place due to the rewards programs that the Marriott has taken up in the September. In the same year Marriot experienced even more number of increasing members for the rewards program. Due to this merge of the Starwood and the Marriot and the rewards program that the company has undertaken, the presence of the company in the lucrative regions such as Asia, Africa and others would be doubled up. The valuation points of Marriot are around $8.92 per 1000 points. This is still the highest level of concentration of the affordable hotels brands in the portfolio of Marriot. This implies that the members of the company only need to spend just an average of around $2000 for getting a free night at Marriot. Whereas, in comparison to the Starwood, it implies that the Starwood members need to spend roughly an average of around $7000 (Yoo Bai, 2013). This states that the Marriot Company offers services to its members at comparatively lower amount and therefore, this a strategy through which the company is achieving its targeted markets by having more concentration in its hotels. However, the merging of the two best companies of their field would result in the increase in the membership size of the merged companies of the Starwood and the Marriott. This merging would also result in more booking from the targeted markets and the achieving of more profits as this would then steal the shar e of bookings that are done by the outsider third party (Yoo Bai, 2013). Conclusion: The above study is based on the merging of the Starwood and the Marriot Company and the rewards programs that have been undertaken for it by the two companies. The rewards program of the company and the Marriot worldwide Worldwide Rewards campaign that was held by the Marriot Company in order to encourage its loyalty members have been discussed in this research study. The targeted market groups of the Marriot Company have been discussed and how the Company achieves its targeted market has also been mentioned. The targeted groups of the company is identified and specified. The strategies that have been taken up by the Marriott Company for achieving the attention and the value from its targeted markets have also been mentioned. References: Cantallops, A. S., Salvi, F. (2014). New consumer behavior: A review of research on eWOM and hotels.International Journal of Hospitality Management,36, 41-51. DOI No. : 10.1016/j.ijhm.2013.08.007 Gustavo, N. (2013). Marketing management trends in tourism and hospitality industry: Facing the 21st century environment.International Journal of Marketing Studies,5(3), 13. DOI No. : 10.5539/ijms.v5n3p13 Marriott News Center. (2016). Marriott Rewards Launches Global Portfolio Marketing Initiative to Showcase Diverse Hotel Brands and Member Benefits - Marriott News Center. [online] Available at: https://news.marriott.com/2016/09/marriott-rewards-launches-global-portfolio-marketing-initiative-showcase-diverse-hotel-brands-member-benefits/ [Accessed 28 Nov. 2016]. Thomas, L. Y. (2015, January). The International Council of Hotel, Restaurant, and Institutional Education (ICHRIE), San Diego, California, July 30August 1, 2014. InJournal of Convention Event Tourism(Vol. 16, No. 1, pp. 11-15). Routledge. DOI No. : 10.1080/15470148.2015.1000751 Yoo, M., Bai, B. (2013). Customer loyalty marketing research: A comparative approach between hospitality and business journals.International Journal of Hospitality Management,33, 166-177. DOI No. : 10.1016/j.ijhm.2012.07.009